How does web hosting work?

Web hosting is a service that enables companies and people to make their website accessible via the World Wide Web. A web host provides the infrastructure and services that a website needs to operate on the web.

The web is a whole bunch on interconnected computers talking to each other either through phone lines, digital satellite signals, cable, and other types of data-transfer mechanisms by which they are connected.

Web hosts are companies that rent out their services and technologies to host websites on the internet. Once the hosting company hosts your website, users can access it by typing in your web address (domain name) in their web browser. When they do this, their computer connects to the server your website is hosted on. The server, in turn, serves (sends the files you have stored on the storage to display) the website to your web visitor in their web browser.

Choose the best Hosting server

When it comes to a Hosting provider, it’s better to do research about them and check for all kinds of reviews and likewise a couple of factors such as Server performance, price, features, customer support, server locations and much more.

1. Shared Hosting

Shared hosting allows multiple websites to utilize a single server. Usually, you’ll have no idea who or what websites you’re sharing the resources of a server with. Each customer will usually have a limit on the total amount of server resources they can use, but this will be defined by your hosting package.

Shared hosting is easily the cheapest and most economical option for your needs. However, the cheap price comes with limitations, which we’ll get to below. Since most hosting companies will offer the same amount of space and storage it’s important to choose a company you can trust.

2. WordPress Hosting

In the simplest sense,  WordPress hosting is just hosting that has been optimized to better meet WordPress’ performance and security needs. It also typically includes one-click WordPress installs to make it easy to get started with WordPress. And some WordPress hosts will even automatically update your WordPress software as needed.

3. Reseller Hosting

Reseller web hosting is an option that involves one company (a hosting provider) renting hard drive space and bandwidth to another company (small-midsize business), who then rents the space to third parties (entrepreneurs-small business).  Simply put, reseller hosting is the ability to provide hosting to your own clients as if you yourself were the web hosting company.  This is typical for aspiring entrepreneurs who want to start their own web hosting firm or for current web developers and designers who desire to add additional services to their brand.

4. VPS(Virtual Private Server) Web Hosting

In this type of web hosting, the server is actually partitioned and each partition acts as a dedicated server to the website which is stored in them. It is only virtually private; the reality is that the whole server is shared between the users. You may have root access to your space in the server, but the activities of some other websites can slightly affect your website’s performance.

This hosting has the ability to handle high traffic and traffic spikes. VPS is recommended for those who need greater control at the server side and cannot afford to invest on a dedicated server.

5. Cloud Web Hosting

Cloud web hosting is an easy way for companies to make use of extensive computing resources without owning any equipment. … There are two types of cloud infrastructure, and the difference is who controls the computing power and whether it’s shared. In fact, most cloud services are public cloud services.

Choose DNS Address

A domain is the name of your website and it’s made of 2 things:
A name: what-ever-you-want-to-name-your-website.
A top level domain: .com, .org, .net, etc.

There are many types of domains, starting with the original top level domains(including .com, .org, .net, .edu), country top level domains(like .us, .fr, .ca, .cl, .ar, .co, .tv, .io, .in, etc.), second level domains (.co.uk, .com.ar, etc.) and other types of domains. There is a new list of domain names you can also check (examples: .nyc, .miami, .bike). In most cases, this ones are sold by specific domain name registrars. A full list of domains is maintained by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority.

Once you register a domain name, you will get one or more Domain Name Servers (DNS). DNS “is the Internet’s equivalent of a phone book. They maintain a directory of domain names and translate them to Internet Protocol (IP) addresses”. This may look like host1.domainnameregistrar.com which is the text on top of the underlying IP address.

Upload Website

After you have your domain name registered and your hosting service in place, the last step is to upload the website onto the server. You can transfer your website to your host’s server using an FTP program.

You can now upload your website to your account by connecting to the server using either cPanel’s File Manager or FTP Client (such as FileZilla) – after which your website will go live.

An FTP program is a type of software that is used to move files from one computer to another over the Internet. FTP is the acronym for File Transfer Protocol, this just means that this is a ‘way’ of moving files. There are several free FTP programs you can use to move your files onto the server, and many HTML editors and web design programs like Dreamweaver have FTP capabilities built in.